Palm Kernel Expeller (PKE)

Palm Kernel Expeller meal (PKE) combines mid to high energy levels (around 8% fat and 65% Nutrient Detergent Fibre (NDF)) with moderate protein levels. PKE is a by-product of the crushing and physical expelling of oil from the kernel of the fruit of the oil palm tree (Elaesi guineesis). The outer fleshy fruit of the palm fruit is removed and extracted to produce palm oil leaving the kernel. After removing the shell, the kernels are also crushed to release Palm Kernel Oil, leaving behind Palm Kernel Expeller which over the 10 years has found a use in the dairy industry.

Prices and Ordering

Due to the constant change in prices, we aren’t able to specify the costs for our products on our website. Feel free to contact us for up to date pricing, flexible contract arrangements, and delivery times on our products.

Palm Kernel Expeller (PKE)

PKE is very low in starch and sugars (most of the energy coming from oil and NDF) and does not cause any risk of developing acidosis. Few rumen health issues are likely to be experienced.

The high fermentable NDF level in Palm Kernel Expeller is a substrate for acetic and butyric acid production which will aid the production of milk fat and stimulates cow condition.

PKE’s moderately fast fermentable NDF and higher protein levels makes it ideally suitable to be fed in conjunction with high starch low protein supplements like maize silage or tapioca.

Lower palatability of PKE will affect voluntary intake levels during the first period after introduction. It is best introduced mixed with more palatable inputs like molasses or silage. After approximately 10 days, cows will consume it straight.

The NDF in PKE has a small particle size and low in effective fibre. PKE should be fed with long (effective) fibre source to establish sufficient rumination.

The Calcium to Phosphorous ratio of PKE is low as in Sodium. Calcium and Sodium may need to be supplemented if PKE is fed at high levels.

Typical Analysis

NutrientUnitConstituent
Moisture%8
Protein%15.5
MEMJ/kg10-12.5
DEpigMJ/kg10.5
AMEpoultryMJ/kg7
Fat%8
ADF%42
Crude Fibre%2.5
Ash%4.5
Calcium%0.2
Phosphorus%0.49
Potassium%0.6
Sodium%0.01
Magnesium%0.23
Copperppm24
Lysine%0.5
Methionine%0.32

Prices and Ordering

Due to the constant change in prices, we aren’t able to specify the costs for our products on our website. Feel free to contact us for up to date pricing, flexible contract arrangements, and delivery times on our products.

PKE can be fed on the feed pad, via some feed systems in the dairy shed or on a trailer/in a trough in the paddock. Normal feed out rates up to 6kg DM are possible in cases of serious feed shortage. PKE has higher levels of copper, which can cause problems in susceptible sheet breeds when ad lib fed on PKE.

Like all feedstuffs, PKE should be stored dry, in bulk bins or placed on cement slabs (away from vermin and protected from the weather). If stored in a silo, the sides should be smooth, the bottom cone steep and, preferably a wide opening to allow free flow of the PKE. Pre-blending with grain will allow for a better flowability.

Suggested maximum
inclusion levels in
total rations for
other species

Animal              Max. inclusion
level (%)
Calves                         10
Beef cattle                  25
Lamb                           20
Sheep                          30
Broiler                         10
Layer                           15
Starter pig                   5
Finisher pig                10
Sow                             15

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